HTML: All Elements from HTML 1 to XHTML 2.0
Post from June 30, 2007 (↻ August 15, 2014), reflecting Jens the Developer.
The index now covers all HTML specifications with the exception of HTML 5.1. See the notes for the latest major update.
I just created an continuously updated index of all elements specified by HTML 3.2, HTML 4.01 (covering all document types), XHTML 1.0
Strict, XHTML 1.1, HTML 5, and XHTML 2.0 , even though the latter three specifications are not stable yet. It’s intended to provide an overview on HTML development.
Please note that quite a few XHTML 2.0 elements are related to the XForms Module. Then, this index might introduce
element references, that is, links, as well as highlighting of deprecated elements one day, but this has not been seen critical for an overview yet. You may of course add your vote.
Update (July 3, 2007)
The reason to include all elements from HTML was just to start with and to provide a comprehensive list of elements of the most influential markup language. The Frameset DTD related elements should be easily locatable (
Currently I see two other neat updates:
- As mentioned above, links to each element’s description, and
- a downloadable version of the index (PDF?).
Update (March 27, 2008)
The index has recently been updated to include HTML 5’s
rule elements as well, I added some stats at the end of the table, and I needed to remove references to Rene Saarsoo’s annotated version which is currently not up-to-date. Last but not least, a new and fresh German version is available, as the former version lacked aforementioned updates and, very most importantly, HTML 3.2.
Update (March 30, 2014)
The index has undergone another major update:
It now links to all elements’ spec definitions (typically to the WHATWG version, otherwise the last spec defining the element).
It now also includes HTML 2.0.
Instead of including only the XHTML 1.0 Strict elements it now lists all the XHTML 1.0 elements (i.e., for Transitional). That is consistent with how the index presents HTML 4.
Updates don’t necessarily get announced; I usually maintain the index quietly.
Update (June 26, 2014)
The index now features HTML “1” and, for consistency with how it deals with HTML 4, includes all “transitional” elements for XHTML 1.0 (
HTML 5.1 may be added at some point too. I still consider the HTML 5 draft maintained by the WHATWG the more important specification. If you need to compare HTML 5.1, see the slightly different The Elements of HTML clone by Steve Faulkner.
About the Author
Jens Oliver Meiert is a German philosopher and developer (Google, W3C, O’Reilly). He experiments with arts and adventure. Here on meiert.com he shares and generalizes and exaggerates some of his thoughts and experiences.
Great work, thank you!!
Thank you for this concise summary. Should give a nice overview to start thinking about in which direction all the different options are trying to head.
This may be of interest:
On July 10, 2007, 23:33 CEST, Jarvklo said:
Just a nitpick really, but XHTML 1.1 has been stable for roughly six years now (i.e. since May 31st 2001)
The WD at http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/ seems to be simply an update (labeled “XHTML 1.1. Second Edition“) that basically adds a new appendix, references to W3C Patent Policies and a statement that enables XHTML 1.1. to be sent as text/html
Jarvklo, yes. I wanted to avoid making things more complex, so I decided to refer to the newest spec/draft each, and in case of XHTML 1.1, this certainly affects the Second Edition.
On July 14, 2007, 1:14 CEST, Tomasz Gorski said:
Jens i want to thank You for making the list I found Your blog from w3 weblog where they write news about the list of HTML elements that You made. I can’t wait for PDF file that I can easy copy on my PC.
Greetings from Poland
Just now found it but thanks for teh great creation. A downloadable version of the index into PDF would be another awsome future update.
On October 28, 2007, 18:47 CET, Lynne said:
This will come in very handy… Thanks!
Tomasz, Wendy, Lynne, you’re welcome, and I’m indeed working on a yet updated, extended version.
On November 7, 2007, 20:39 CET, Maya said:
Excellent list Jens. for that kind of list i have truely searched a long time, just a complete list with all elements, very handy.
but the best of it … it is allways up2date. thank you!
On December 26, 2007, 4:35 CET, James Burt said:
Thanks for the article, this have been very useful to me.
On January 15, 2008, 13:20 CET, pozycjonowanie said:
Thanks for all links. What do you think - what will be used in future - xhtml 2.0 or maybe html 5 ?
pozycjonowanie, HTML 5. Even though XHTML 2 could be “the better” markup language, HTML 5 will be both easier to implement and use.
On January 23, 2008, 8:16 CET, Mandy said:
Interesting, do you have any post regarding HTML 5?
On February 20, 2008, 4:26 CET, Margret said:
This has come in handy many times, Thank
On March 27, 2008, 16:25 CET, voyance said:
It has served, thank you for everything
On March 28, 2008, 13:37 CET, Aukcje said:
This guide is pretty cool and will save a lot of my time. Thank you
On March 28, 2008, 16:51 CET, Opony said:
Thanks for the article, this have been very useful to me. I am insert him on my page.
This is great. I had actually tried to do something similar to this a year or so ago, but I gave up realizing how many elements there is.
On June 6, 2008, 14:11 CEST, luggage said:
Yeah, I agree with the poster who said the HTML 5 is just easier because it’s more stable than XHTML 2. Personally, I wish we would all just settle on one format to make things easier. But, I guess that has the adverse effect of just stifling creativity. We’ve always got to tow the line between complicating things and being over-creative, to being too clinical and thus under-creative. The middle and balanced part is where we need to be.