Notes on HTML 3.2
Post from December 6, 2020, filed under Web Development.
Would it still be useful to read the HTML 3.2 specification—from 1997?
I asked exactly that on Twitter the other day, and 44% of participants responded with that being “a waste.”
I myself wasn’t sure, and so I read that specification again (quick tip: I found Online Converter to be practical to take a URL to convert it to a MOBI ebook).
There wasn’t that much that I learned this time, but there still were a few nuggets to take away:
Remember: The spec was largely written in 1996.
CENTERwas introduced by Netscape before they added support for the HTML 3.0
DIVelement. It is retained in HTML 3.2 on account of its widespread deployment.
As we noted in the HTTP Archive’s Web Almanac, Google is still using
center, and has been for 22 years (!).
specifies a URL which is either used to post forms via email, e.g.
action="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org", or used to invoke a server-side forms handler via HTTP
I didn’t know about the
mailto:option—yet it doesn’t seem to work (anymore).
The HTML 3.2 spec did bring up the option to use tables for layout:
can be used to markup tabular material or for layout purposes.
It cautions about problems “when rending to speech or to text only user agents”—but “can be used for layout purposes” is still there.
Finally, when you think of
fontelements, you may remember the
faceattribute. Now, that, too, is an old attribute; but:
FACEis not part of HTML 3.2.
Yet to find out about the history of
face, we would need to see Sauron 🤷♂️
HTML 3.2, though a bit imprecise and with errors, offers a more grateful start into HTML than Living HTML. Even if you have already read (part of) an HTML spec, consider having a look at it. For its brevity and historic import it’s well worth it.
If you have a question or suggestion about what I write, please leave a comment (if available) or a message.
Have a look at the most popular posts, possibly including:
Perhaps my most relevant book: CSS Optimization Basics (2018). Writing CSS is a craft. As craftspeople we strive to write high quality CSS. In CSS Optimization Basics I lay out some of the most important aspects of such CSS. (Also available in a bundle with Upgrade Your HTML and The Web Development Glossary.)
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