On Enforcing Coding Guidelines
Post from October 2, 2017 (↻ August 22, 2018), filed under Web Development.
In the context of coding guidelines, we’ve learned to differentiate between descriptive or positive guidelines and those that are prescriptive or normative
[…]. The difference is mostly practical—when code quality is at a high level, we merely document (describe) what everyone’s already doing; when code quality is low, we tell everyone what to do (prescribe). However, as it pertains to much of what we’ve discussed so far, this requires some way of enforcement.
How do we enforce quality? This is still a difficult question; so difficult, in fact, that in practice we often see it dodged. Why? Because enforcement easily upsets people, and we don’t want to upset people, not even
[…]when they report to us. But we’re on the right track here.
Enforcement happens top-down. Executives and managers are to be looked at to emphasize and live quality, to reward good quality, and to—in one way or another—discourage poor quality. How? By doing what we surprisingly forget frequently: measuring quality and tying related metrics to performance evaluations.
Two anecdotes illustrate that approach. There’s one tale of a manager who has, despite efforts of his team to up the ante and increase quality in his department, never endorsed, let alone supported or encouraged those team members’ efforts in team communications or goals. That quality initiative’s efforts, witnessed at one point at a major corporation, suffered a significant blowback.
At the same firm at another time, managers called out the importance of quality and used available data points, like performance scores as measured by Google’s PageSpeed tools, accessibility problems as measured by Sidar’s HERA, or the number of validation errors as measured by W3C’s Link Checker. Although the team in question never got to tie metrics like these to performance evaluations, that precise step was on the table as to strong encouragement and—ultimately enforce—higher quality.
About the Author
Jens Oliver Meiert is a technical lead and author (sum.cumo, W3C, O’Reilly). He loves trying things, including in the realms of philosophy, art, and adventure. Here on meiert.com he shares and generalizes and exaggerates some of his thoughts and experiences.
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